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6th Edition Congress Cards & Payments, Luanda 2015. Welcome to Angola!
Congress Cards & Payments 2015
The Congress Cards&Payments 2015 will be held on the 26th May. Learn +
Pasargada Resort, Barra do Dande. Welcome to Angola!
Pasargada Resort
Pasargada Resort is located at Barra do Dande, a very special place.
Mucubal People
Mucubal (also called Mucubai, Mucabale, Mugubale) people are a subgroup of the Herero ethnic group settling in Southern Angola, in Namibe Province.They are also Bantu speaking people. It is historically asserted that the Mucubals are originally from Kenya and are related to the Massais. Mucubal have some very strong time-honored customs and traditions which they value so dearly. They are seriously interested in cattle,worship it and do not care about the rest of the world outside of the bush.


Traditional mucubal shoes. Source: curiosidadeseculturas.blogspot.pt

They are semi nomadic pastoralists living as cattle raisers and engaged in agriculture. They live in a large area between the slopes of Chela Mounts in the north, and River Cunene to the south, where they are believed to have stopped during the Herero migration, about 300 years ago. The oxen are the real base of support to this important ethnic group in Angola. A Mucubal is both richer and more important per the number of cattle they have. It can therefore be said that the cattle for any Mucubal is the ultimate expression of their wealth.


Source: kwekudee-tripdownmemorylane.blogspot.pt

Mucubal especially women, are famous for the way they dress. The latter wear an original and unique headdress called the Ompota. It is made of a wicker framework, traditionally filled with a bunch of tied cow tails, decorated with buttons, shells, zippers and beads. But tradition is disappearing as some women use barbie dolls boxes to cram their ompota headdress. Women whether they are married or not can wear jewels. Ornaments like iron anklets, called Othivela, and armlets, called Othingo, are worn by girls as well as adult women. Mucubal women are also famous for the string they have around their breast, called oyonduthi, which is used as a bra. Women use to smoke tobacco (that they keep in a snuffbox called boceta) in pipes called opessi.


Woman with its original and unique headdress called the Ompota


Mucubal women

Mucubal men can have several wives and are also allowed to sell their wife, if they don’t get along with her or even if they want to earn money, as a woman can be worth 2 cows, which is about 2000 euros and represents a lot of money. For a first marriage a woman can even be worth 3 or 4 cows. The village is structured in a way men's houses are surrounded by their wifes'  houses.


Mucubal Village (mud houses)

Like the vast majority of African peoples, the Mucubals also practice a tradition strongly rooted circumcision of young people. The ceremony of circumcision is performed regularly and is an event of great significance, it being the feast of the initiation of young Mucubals, a sort of passage of young people to the status of youths.


Ceremony of circumcision

One of Angola's government priority is helping and promoting maintance of strong time-honored customs and traditions of every Angolan ethnic people. There have been some attempts of evangelization but none has succeed as these people  have strongly rooted costumes and traditions.


Playing wela-na-kulilya (macala). Photo by Jorge C. Ferreira