Welcome to Kwanza Sul
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PROVINCE Kwanza South

Kwanza South

Total Area
55,660 Km2


26 º C

Tropical Dry / Wet

12 Municipalities

Kwanza-Sul province is located on the central west coast, in a mountainous area with a varied altitude and an area of 55,660 km ².

The province is bordered on the north and northeast by Longa and Kwanza rivers in the provinces of Bengo, Kwanza North and Malanje, on the south with Benguela, southeast with Huambo and Bie, and the Atlantic Ocean on the west.

The foundation of this province occurred at the Ngunza river mouth in 1769 by the general- governor of Angola, D. Francisco Inocêncio de Sousa Coutinho. Ngunza river was named in honor of the then ‘soba’ Ngunza Kabolo.

The 12 municipalities of this province are:
  •     Amboim
  •     Cassongue
  •     Conda
  •     Ebo
  •     Kibala
  •     Kilenda
  •     Libolo
  •     Mussende,
  •     Porto Amboim
  •     Sumbe
  •     Uko-Seles
  •     Wako Kungo

Ideal province for ecotourism


It has a dry tropical climate on the coast and moist inside. January to April is the period of highest temperatures and between the months of July and August the period of low temperatures.


It has an estimated population of 1,7 million inhabitants (2014) mostly rural.

The national language most spoken in the province is the Kimbundo. The ethnic groups in this province are the Kibalas, N'Goias, Musseles, Massumbas and Bailundos.

The Capital, Sumbe

This town is 495 km away from Luanda and 208 km from Benguela.

‘Sumbe’, origin word  from Kimbundu, Kusumba, has a commercial significance, a practice that became current among indigenous, Portuguese and English traders in the coast of Kwanza Sul, after the arrival of the latter. Equivalent to buy/sell. It was this designation that gave its name to the town long known for Sumbe, today the coastal city, capital of the province of Kwanza Sul.

Arriving Sumbe. Photo by Nélson Pontes


There are two aerodromes for airplanes of small and medium size in Sumbe and Porto Amboim, and an airport in Waku-kungo. All the other municipalities have airstrips.

Air transportation is provided by three companies: Angola Air Services (based in Sumbe), SAL and Inter Transit.

The main road linking Luanda to Sumbe is in good condition, as are the roads connecting different municipalities of the province.


The main activities are agriculture, livestock and fisheries.

Kwanza Sul province is well irrigated mainly by the passage of Kwanza, Longa, Cuvo or Queve and Cubal rivers, which allows not only fertile soils for agriculture, but also helps developing a fishing activity in the region.

The province of Kwanza Sul, besides being potentially agricultural, also has other resources such as fishery, tourism, carbonated waters, thermal waters, copper, gypsum, limestone, kaolin, quartz, diamonds, gold, oil, mica , nickel, kyanite, etc.

The food crops grown are mainly maize, cassava, vegetables, banana, beans, peanuts, palm, pineapple and other fruits.
In recent years it has been developing the culture of cotton, sunflower and soybean.

After agriculture, the fisheries sector comes next in terms of economic importance in the region. The Kwanza Sul province, with around 178 km of coastline, since is situated in an intermediate zone that still suffers influence of the Benguela Cold Current, is rich in fishery resources, also known for being a natural potential of crustaceans, with particular emphasis on lobster, crab, shrimp, and prawns.

Note also the rivers Longa, Cuvo or Queve, Cussoi (tributary of Cuvo) and Nhia Mussole. The place where the Cuvo river meet the sea is rich in high quality commercial oysters.

The province has 55 dams.

The industries with highest expression are the soft drinks, juices, water filling and coffee roasting. There is a flour mill and a feed mill.

In terms of construction, this is the sector that employs more workers, after agriculture, and the one taht better remunerate their workers.

The materials most commonly used in the craft of the region are sisal, clay and wood. The types of crafts most made are moringues, baskets and sculptures. They can be purchased in Sumbe, Porto Amboim and Kibala.

Porto Amboim


Its vegetation consists predominantly savanas with trees, shrubs and tropical dry forests.

Its flora is rich and is a mainstay of the country with its large variety of wood.

The fauna is diversed, with wild animals such as deer, stag, pacaça, enjeus, among others.

The major rivers of the province are Longa, Cubal, Queve and Cambongo. They offer excellent conditions for water sports, sailing, fishing and even hunting ducks.

The beaches of Kicombo, Carimba, Chiculcua and of River Tapado in Sumbe, and the Marginal beach Praia da Marginal in Porto Amboim, are ideal for swimming.

The waterfalls of Binga in river Keve, in Conda, where there are also Tokota hot springs and medicinal waters and the highest waterfalls in the province (over 150 meters) are located in the municipality of Kilenda.

Keve River Waterfalls

Other natural attractions to visit are:

  •     Keve River Mouth
  •     Forest Sassa
  •     Caves of Sassa
  •     Caves of Kikombo
  •     Medicinal Waters of Waco
  •     Catanda Medicinal Waters in the town of Seles

Monuments and Places to Visit

  • Ndalambiri Rock Engravings, located in the municipality of Kibala, 170 km from Sumbe.
  • Quingunba Rock Engravings
  • Libolo Fortress, where there is the Stone Writing that refers to Libolo rebellion of 1917, between the population and the colonial forces.
  • Wall of Kariango
  • Fortress Amboim
  • Ruins of Fortim Kicombo
  • Ruins of Kibala Fortress
  • Ruins of ancient fortress of Novo Redondo, ancient cemetery of Novo Redondo and the ancient Novo Redondo military barracks
  • Fortress Seles
  • Quarries of Sumbe and Porto Amboim
  • Ruins of Fortim Kicombo, in the municipality of Sumbe

Kibala, Kwanza South


There are some promoters of shows and public entertainment with several centers of public entertainment, such as recreational and cultural centers, clubs, movie houses. There are several libraries.

The number of artists is increasing, as well as musicians, musical groups, theatrical and choral, traditional dance and modern dance.

The main festivities are the province's Sea Fest in the cities of Sumbe and Porto Amboim. The festivities of Kwanza Sul are held in September 15.

Typical dishes are calulu, muamba, funge, among others.