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PROVINCE Huíla

Huíla

Geo-Demographic Data

Total Area
75,002 km2

Population
2.354.398

Temperature
20 º C

Climate
Tropical Semiarid

13 Municipalities







The province of Huila is located in the Southwest of Angola, with a rectangular shape and an estimated population around 2,3 million inhabitants.

Huila confines in the west with the provinces of Namibe and Benguela, north with Benguela and Huambo, east with Bie and Kuando Kubango, south is limited by Cunene province. The western province boundaries are well defined geographically as largely coincide with the slope of the mountains that in the southwest of the province are known as "Serra da Chela".

With the exception of the Northwest, the province of Huila is located at an altitude above 1,000 meters.   

Huila is divided into 13 counties:
  • Lubango
  • Caconda
  • Caluquembe
  • Chiange
  • Chibia
  • Chicomba
  • Chipindo
  • Humpata
  • Jamba (Mining)
  • Kuvango
  • Matala
  • Quilengues
  • Quipungo
Climate

Huila is located in virtually every in changing climate zone, of alternating wet and dry climate, except the South and Southwest of the province, where there is a clear influence of the calm tropical zone.
The climate is generally hot or tropical (average temperature above 20 °C), but in the areas situated at a higher altitude may be classified as mild (mild - hot), like for example, occurs in points of Humpata (17.2 °C ), Tchivinguiro (17.8 ° C), Lubango (18.6 ° C), Kuvango (19.5 ° C), Quipungo (19.6 ° C) and Caconda (20.0 ° C).

Vegetation

Huila vegetation varies greatly depending on factors that depend on climate, soil type and the action of man. So itstands out as vegetation: open woodlands (Brachystegia and Julbernardia), dense forest (xerophytic vegetation), balsedos, steppe vegetation.

Fauna

One can find in the province elephants, lions, sables, olongos, guelengues and buffaloes.

Population

The population is coming from 6 groups: Nyaneka, Nkhwnbi, Umbundo, Nganguela, and Tchokwe Herera.   
   
The most widely spoken language in the province is Olunyaneka-Nkumbi. In the eastern part, in the municipalities of Jamba and Kuvango two variants of Nganguela language are spoken: the nyemba, spoken between Dongo and Jamba, through southern of Chipindo and Galangue, entering in Kuando – Kubango; and Nganguela itself spoken in the city of Kuvango.

Economy

Agriculture was the primary objective of Sá da Bandeira, being wheat the largest production. However, cattle quickly became the richest activity in the region. The ox is today a symbol of wealth.

When transport became mechanical and roads gained good access conditions, trade set up quickly and also industry. The tanneries and mills took the lead. The metallurgy, footwear, lard, the sausage, ceramics, woods and soft drinks, follow in importance.

Since 1999, there has been the growth of private industry with the emergence of new units for granite processing (ornamental), factory artifacts zinc, mattresses and wood processing.

There are in the province a number of companies with ability to execute public and private works, and some others are working as ceramics industries, derived from cement, carpentry and aluminum window frames.

The agricultural situation in Huila province is characterized by an emerging private sector that tends to restore the levels of production of agricultural units, and a traditional sector, which mainly produces the subsistence level.

The province is rich in iron, gold, kaolin, Diamonds, Manganese, Mica, Black Granite and mineral water.

The traditional crafts are made with wood and stone. The paintings also have some expression. The products are sold in stores in Lubango and in some hotels.

The capital, Lubango




Huila province’s capital is Lubango, former Sá da Bandeira, a city in southern Angola, located in the highlands of Angola.

João António de Aguiar conducted the urbanization plan of the city, one of the most beautiful of Angola. Apart from Lubango, Huila appreciators point it as the most beautiful region of Angola, containing indeed the loveliest landscapes in Angola, such as Serra da Leba, rapid Tundavala or Nossa Senhora do Monte.

Lubango was also one of the first cities in the interior to have a high school, not only Liceu Nacional Cão, but also the Artur Paiva Industrial and Commercial School and the Institute of Agricultural of Tchivinguiro.

Luanda is away 1.015km and Namibe to Lubango distance around 225km.


Cathedral, Lubango.
Access

Huila has its populated centers linked together and connected to the rest of the country through road network. The road access is via the provinces of Namibe, Huambo, Benguela and Cunene.

It also has a railway line that connects to Namibe and Kuando Kubango and air links that connect to Luanda, to Benguela and Namibia.

Air links with the rest of the country are made through Mucanca Airport, located near the exit to the south of the city of Lubango.
           
Nature

Fendas de Tundavala - in Lubango, from the top of the hill, one has a magnificent total vision of these cracks and part of the province.

Serra da Leba is one of the cards of the province and the country. The paved road that runs from Namibe to Lubango, accompanies the hill with the peculiar form of a serpent.

The panoramic viewpoint of Boca Humpata is located at the exit of Lubango towards Namibe.

The Bicuar National Park has an area of 7,900 km ², and was established as a hunting reserve in 1938 and elevated to national park in 1964. One of the existing species of greatest relevance is the black buffalo and flora is quite diverse.

The Guelengue and Dongo Forest Reserve has an area of 1.200km ² and is bounded by the rivers Chicusse, Chissanda, Cusso, Cussava and Cunene. The predominant vegetation type is miombo and savanna.

Other natural wonders of this province are the Cascades of Huila, the Zootechnical Humpata Station Cascade, and Ondimba Lake and Caves, the Tchivinguiro Pond, the Quipungo Pond and Bimbe viewpoint.

Places to Visit
  • Old Government House, built in 1887.
  • Mission Church of Huila, built in 1880.


Church of Missão da Huíla.

  • Old Town Hall, built between 1900 and 1915.
  • Former Station of Railways, built between 1905 and 1923.
  • Garden Square May 1st, in Lubango, recently refurbished.
  • Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Monte, Lubango, built in 1919.
  • Cristo Rei Monument, built between 1945 and 1950, located in Ponta do Lubango.
  • Caconda Fortress, built in 1682.
  • Barracões, a historic site where the founders of the city were welcomed in 1884-1885